How can Breast Cancer be prevented?
Breast cancer is one of the commonest cancer in women. It is really ravaging so many women.
To talk about preventing breast cancer we will first of all understand what breast cancer is, then we can talk about how we can prevent it.
What actually is breast cancer
Cancer is one of the most difficult diseases to explain to patients.
The reason is because it has no know pathophysiologic pattern. Infact, there are different kinds. The type that Mrs A suffered may be different from the one Mrs B suffered. It is that bad.
For you to understand it very well, you need to know what cancers are – what are the characteristics of cancers, and how do they come about.
Read: WHAT ACTUALLY IS CANCER?
Causes of breast cancer
Just like other cancers, there are no single factors. What we have are risk factors that predispose you to breast cancers:
- Age: Being above 40 years is a risk factor. Most breast cancers are found in women 40 years and above.
- Genetics – If your mum, sister, suffered breast cancer, you are at risk of breast cancer.
- Radiations can induce mutations in your gene and cause breast cancer.
- Race – Breast cancer is more common in developed countries.
- Previous benign breast lesions – If you have had something like a lump in the breast, it is a risk factor for breast cancer
- Unopposed estrogen exposure – This happens when you are exposed to too much hormone called estrogen. For example:
If you saw your first menses as a girl very early in life, lets say at age of 7/8 years, it means you will be exposed to oestrogen for a long time because, you will continue to see your period from 7 years to about 50 years, thats a whole lot of time. Unlike someone that saw her first menses at age 16. The amount of years she will be exposed to oestrogen is reduced.
Another thing is nulliparity. This means you have not given birth before. And it exposes you to the number of times you will see your period. If you are pregnant, for nine whole months, you will not see your period, and thats protective to breast cancer.
Also, late menopause will expose you to more time with oestrogen, just by the same principle we have explained above.
Note: All these things are simply risks. Not certainty. So that you don’t start fearing unecesarry if you have some of the above risk factors. Please those are just risks and not causes. So having any or all of the risks does not still mean you will have cancer.
How can Breast Cancer be Prevented
There is basically little you can do.
Things like, age, race, family history, and genetics, are not modifiable.
There is absolutely little or nothing you can do about that.
But the most important thing to do, especially if you have a family history of breast cancer or breast disease at all, is to constantly present to the hospital for check up.
Doing this every six months or one year will not be bad. This is so that the doctor will check and do all the possible lab tests to make sure you have not developed breast cancer.
This will make it possible for early intervention to be done in case a cancer is found.
Some persons have gone as far as removing their breast because test found out that they had the gene for breast cancer.
Other factors that you can modify, should be modified with every seriousness. Things like,
Avoid alcohol, stop smoking.
Avoid radiations as much as you can, even though sometimes we cannot help it.
Loose some weight. Refuse to be obese. The health conditions that are associated with obesity are better imagined than suffered. Its not just about breast cancer, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidaemia, heart disease etc. There is abolutely nothing good with being obese. Please try.
Exercise is good to loose some weight. That cannot be overemphasized.
If you are above 40 years, whether you have family history or not, please constantly go for mammography, at least once a year.
Mammography is a breast scan used to check your breast to see if there are abnormalities. It is very important that you do not forget.
Do a self breast examintion every month. Like during your period, you can use that and be remembering it.
How to do self breast Examination
Once in every month you enter the bathroom. Use your eyes and divide your breast into for equal parts.
Then you start palpating each quadrant to check for a swelling or abnormal growth. After you have done the four parts, you palpate the centre (nipple). Then squeeze the breast to check for discharge.
If you notice any abnormal breast swellling, or discharge from the nipple, Then you report to a hospital immediately. Do not waste time.
Cancers generally are always time- dependent. The earlier you present to a hospital, the better the outcome. So do not after reading this post, you still behave like others, who will keep treating themselves with all kinds of things only to come to hospital when there is nothing else that can be done to save them.
Let there be an evidence that you read this post, which should manifest by you doing things differently.
Thank you for reading. I appreciate.