How Has COVID-19 Pandemic Affected Pregnancy Outcome?
Effects of COVID-19 Pandemic on Pregnancy outcomes
The world has been battling with the coronavirus pandemic since January 2020. The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic has been manifest to almost all aspects of life.
Pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes were not left out.
In a study, the following was found to be the effects of COVID-19 pandemic on pregnancy outcomes and cares:
1. DECREASE IN THE NUMBER OF BIRTHS
Decrease in the number of births. The study Revealed a drastic drop in the number of births by 52% during the lockdown.
The explanation to this may be fear. People were afraid of the hospital environment.
But then what happened to their babies? Maybe, possibly, they chose home deliveries or traditional birth attendants.
2. THE RATE OF DELIVERING DEAD BABIES INCREASED
Stillbirth rate increased during this covid19 pandemic from about 14 per 1000 babies to about 21 per 1000. This may be a consequence of decreased quality and quantity of medical resources available.
3. THE RATE AT WHICH NEWBORN BABIES DIE ALSO INCREASED
The reason could be attributed to the reason above. Giving birth to a dead baby is stillbirth, while giving birth to a live baby that dies within the first 28 days of life is Neonatal death.
4. REDUCTION IN THE RATE OF INITIATION OF BREASTFEEDING
Normally mothers are encouraged to initiate breastfeeding within one hour of birth. This practice was noted to have depreciated during this covid time.
5. THE PRACTICE OF PLACING NEWBORNS SKIN TO SKIN WITH THEIR MOTHERS INCREASED
Placing the babies skin to skin with their mothers increased during this time.
That’s a positive one! Skin to skin placement of babeies after birth increases bonding of babies with their mothers. It is also a way of generating warmth for the new child.
5. . INCREASE IN THE HYGIENE PRACTICES OF HEALTH WORKERS
The covid period was also greeted with increased hygeinic practices by health workers. This could be due to the increased sensitization campaign. The increased hand washing, use of hand sanitizers, and social distancing.
Pregnancy is a special time in every woman’s life. Not just to the woman but to every one around her. Hence, anything that will alter the outcome of this strategic period must not be taken for granted.