In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) in Nigeria: Clinics, Costs
In this article you shall see all you need to know about in vitro fertilization in Nigeria –
the cost of ivf in Nigeria,
the Clinics for IVF in Nigeria,
the advantages and disadvantages of IVf,
the complications of IVF,
the laws governing IVF in Nigeria.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)in Nigeria: IVF is an art and science of producing babies in a test tube, before transferring them back into the human body (a womb) to grow and mature. It is one of the newest technology that is salvaging the burden of infertility in Nigeria.
This article is going to be long. So I urge you to be patient and read along. I made it to capture every thing you need to know about In Vitro Fertilization IVF in Nigeria.
The Process of In Vitro Fertilization ( IVF) – How does it work
The major thing leading to in vitro fertilization (IVF) is infertility. We will discuss infertility on a different topic. In vitro fertilization IVF involves these:
Your wife is not getting pregnant. The fault is from her. Let’s say, she has tubal blockage. So you both approach an In vitro fertilization IVF clinic in Nigeria. The doctor will induce ovulation in her using some drugs. She will ovulate, and the eggs are collected.
The collected eggs are put into a test tube, and the man ejaculates, and his sperm is also put in the test tube, to fertilize the egg. This is called coculturing of the egg and sperm. Sometimes intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) can be done – the sperm is injected directly inside the egg instead of into the test tube with the egg. Whichever, the egg is fertilized by the sperm to from zygote.
The zygote is allowed to mature into an embryo in the tube for some days, before it is transferred from the tube into the body of the woman – Embryo Transfer. The process is hence called, In Vitro Fertilization IVF and Embryo Transfer (IVF-ET).
Now, this is for a case where the woman’s womb is still good. If the woman’s womb is damaged, then you can pay another woman (surrogate mothers) to carry the baby for you. Also, on the side of the man, if his sperm cannot serve for what ever reason, sperm donation can be sought for- another man, maybe a brother, friend or professional donors.
If the woman does not have eggs, there is also room for egg donation. Which ever one that is done, the most important thing is t get the sperm, the egg, and the woman that will carry the baby.
So the embryo is transfered according to how many babies the woman wants. Studies carried out in Nigeria have shown that woman mostly prefer the doctor to transfer 2 or 3. Only a few go for one.
The reason is because, some say they want to do everything once and for all. After all, majority of them came because they have no child Some say, they want twins as a gain for their suffering and expenses. Studies have also shown, that the average age of women that come for In Vitro Fertilization IVF in Nnewi, Anambra in Nigeria is average 30years, while that of Benin, Edo state is 36 years.
Complications of In Vitro Fertilization IVF in Nigeria
- Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome: This means excessive stimulation of the ovary to produce eggs using drugs. It is very fatal. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is particularly associated with injection of a hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) which is used for inducing final oocyte maturation and/or triggering oocyte release.
- The risk is further increased by multiple doses of hCG after ovulation and if the procedure results in pregnancy. It can be mild moderate or sever. Symptoms include headache, nausea , vomiting, excessive weight gain, dark skin, bloating etc.
- Weight gain
- Multiple nirths
- Congenital birth defects
How much does In Vitro Fertilization IVF in Nigeria cost?
The issue is that it is not cheap. So many variables contribute to the cost. And also majority of the IVF Centers in Nigeria are in the hands of private individuals. Considering the times we are in, on average, IVF will cost between 1mollion naira to 2million.
There are many things considered quality and quantity, the number of times it was done to achieve results – because it doesn’t just work straight. Its a trial and error something, and each trial is paid for. But some clinics have different customer oriented packages that can save you some costs.
So I advise, if you are budgeting, just keep 2 million both for the procedure, the drugs, consultation and checkups etc.
Some banks also give out loans to help people do IVF or other fertility projects. So there are many ways to get around it, just be determined, and takes some actions.
In Vitro Fertilization Clinics in Nigeria
There are so many IVF clinics in Nigeria, mostly in the hands of private individuals. I will list some of them state by states. Note: The list is made up according to google places, ODoctor cannot guarantee their their level of operational experience and expertise. You may read our disclaimer page for more:
Lagos – IVF Clinics in Lagos
- NORDICA fertility center –106/108 Norman Williams St, Ikoyi 101233, Lagos
- FUSION NEST FERTILITY CENTRE –No 3, Adebowale close, off Lola Holloway,Omole phase 1 Estate, Near Ojodu Berger, 100213, Lagos
- Medical ART Center Reproductive health clinic · Lofom House, 21, Mobolaji Bank Anthony Way, Maryland, Lagos
- Androcare Fertility Centre – No 1 Segun Adekoya St, Shasha, Lagos
- George’s Memorial Medical Centre – 6 Rasheed Alaba Williams Street, Lekki Phase I, Lekki
- The Olive Branch Clinic , Lekki Phase 1- Admiralty Way, E, Lagos
- Regenesis Fertility Specialist Hospital –15b/17 Atinuke Olabanji Street, Off Unity Rd, Ikeja
- Omni Medical Center And Advanced Fertility Center – 18 Boyle St, Lagos Island, Lagos
- The Fertility Centre (THE HOSPITAL) –21, Raji Oladimeji Crescent, by Adebisi Okuwa Oladapo Avenue, off Jubilee/ CMD Road, Magodo-Shangisha, Lagos, Shangisha, Lagos
- Roding Fertility Centre – 18B Ogidi Crescent, Off Christ Avenue, Off Alhaji Sule Onabiyi Street, off Admiralty Road, Lekki Phase 1, 105102, Lekki
Abuja – IVF Clinics in Abuja
- Nisa Premier Hospital – 15/21 Alex Ekwueme Way, Jabi, Abuja
- Nordica Fertility Centre – 27, Queen Elizabeth Street, Off J.F Kennedy, Asokoro, Abuja, 900001, Abuja27, Queen Elizabeth Street, Off J.F Kennedy, Asokoro, Abuja, 900001, Abuja
- Grabbo Fertility Clinic – No. 2 3rd Ave, Gwarinpa 900108, AbujaNo. 2 3rd Ave, Gwarinpa 900108, Abuja
- Dote Medical & IVF Abuja – 20 Bonny Rose Crescent, Gwarinpa, Abuja
- Joje Abebe Fertility Centre – 0140 Bamanga Tukur Street, Zone E, Gudu 900247, Abuja
- DIFF Medical Centre – Plot 1195, Cadastral Zone B18 Sector Centre D. Off, Oladipo Diya St, Gudu, Abuja
- Bridge Fertility Clinic – Umaru Dikko St, Jabi, Abuja
- Medimax Hospital Hospital – Plot 11, 612 Road, Off 7th Ave, Gwarinpa Estate 900108, Abuja
PortHarcourt – List of IVF Clinics in Portharcourt
- Gynescope Specialist Hospital – G U Ake Road, 24 Gynescope Dr, Port Harcourt
- Bridgestone Specialist Hospital (IVF center) – adjacent to Check Point, Aluu Junction, Rukpokwu, Port Harcourt
- Sterling Clinic – no 5 King Jaja St, Port Harcourt
- Care Women’s Clinic – #3 Blue Pearl Close, Off Peter Odili Rd, opp. Somitel Hotel, Port Hracourt, Port Harcourt
- The Bridge Clinic – G.R.A, 41A Evo Road, New GRA 500272, Port Harcourt
Anambra – IVF Clinics in Anambra
- Life International Hospital – LGA, 420110, AwkaLGA, 420110, Awka
- Delta: Nordica Fertility Clinic – 5 Erhuvwu Club Road, Central Area 320213, Asaba
Ethical / Legal Issues Surrounding In Vitro Fertilization IVF in Nigeria
There is currently no law guiding In Vitro Fertilization IVF in Nigeria. What we have today is a document that was coined by key stakeholders in the Field to serve as a guiding principle in the practice of In Vitro Fertilization IVF in Nigeria. What we have today is a document that was coined together by stakeholders in the field to serve as a reference. However, they agreed that there was no right or wrong answer in the document, but a matter of choice. There deliberation gave answers on the following topics:
Is it legal (ethical) to give In Vitro Fertilization IVF Treatment to Single women
The unanimous position on this was that it is unethical to do IVF for single women in Nigeria.
Is it legal (ethical) to do IVF for same-sex couples
Of course same sex marriage is not recognised in Nigeria. So it I was agreed that , it is unethical and illegal to do IVF for samesex couples in Nigeria
Is it legal (ethical) to do IVF for unmarried couples in Nigeria?
It was unanimously submitted, that within the Nigerian context, the concept of “unmarried couples” could not be entertained rather it was preferable to view the issue as two people in a relationship seeking to have a child without providing the child with the security of a home. A major issue which was debated was who had the rights to the child in the event of a breakup of this relationship and with no conclusive agreement on this point, it was concluded that treatment of unmarried couples was not ethical in the Nigerian context.
Is it legal(ethical) to do IVF for the purposes of sex selection?
The unanimous submission was that sex selection for social reasons was unethical even though some cultural groups in different countries place a high premium on a particular gender. For example, in Nigeria preference is for male children.
Is it legal/ethical to do IVF for HIV infected couples in Nigeria
The medical practitioners concluded that treatment of couples with HIV was ethical as science has enabled procreation at minimum risk of transmission of infection to the child. This is particularly true with couples when both partners are infected. Furthermore in cases were one partner is not infected with the HIV virus, other ethical considerations come into play, which need to be taken into context when educating the couples on the risk of infection of the negative partner in future.
Advantages (Benefits) of In Vitro Fertilization IVF in Nigeria
- IVF solves the problem of infertility to a great extent.
- It gives hope to couples who have tubal blockage
- IVF in Nigeria has reduced the rate of divorce
- It has saved women the stress of becoming pregnant multiple times
Disadvantages / Limitations of in vitro fertilization IVF in Nigeria
- It is very expensive.
- Lack of awareness
- Religious biases
- Stigmatization against “test tube” babies.
- Poor level of knowledge about IVF
- Lack of accessibility
- Lack of support/consent from the family of the man.
Patients’ Preference for Number of Embryos Transferred During IVF/ICSI a Nigerian Experience – JE Okohue et al
Mayo clinic .org
Stakeholders’ Views on Ethical Issues in the Practice of In-Vitro Fertilisation and Embryo Transfer in Nigeria – RA Ajayi et al
Prevalence of Infertility and Acceptability of Assisted Reproductive
Technology among Women Attending Gynecology Clinics in Tertiary
Institutions in Southwestern Nigeria –
Olugbenga Bello Adenike et al., Gynecol Obstet (Sunnyvale) 2014, 4:3